A Comparison Chart of Lowchen Standards*

FCI Translation: Jennifer Mulholland with R. Triquet
*For the most complete and up-to-date breed standard details, please consult original sources.
 
 

 

Canadian 

F.C.I.

English

American

General
Appearance

Strongly built, active, well balanced and alert little dog whose presentation (i.e. coat and tail clipped in traditional lion clip) gives the "little lion" appearance. 


A small intelligent dog, gay with a lively and alert expression; overall robust with good bone-short and well proportioned body-head carried high-pronounced tuck-up. The movement is proud and determined, accentuated by the floating mane from the lion clip; the unclipped areas should be completely natural and on no account should they be shaped. The Lion clip is obligatory for showing.
 

Coat Clipped in traditional lion clip, tail also clipped, topped with plume, giving appearance of a little lion. Strongly built active, well balanced and alert. 

A small, bright, and lively dog that originated as a companion breed in pre-Renaissance Europe where ladies of the court groomed it in the likeness of a little lion.

 Characteristics

 

 

Gay, lively and alert little dog. 

A compact, balanced body; a relatively short, broad topskull and muzzle; and a proud lively gait that accentuates the lion cut with long flowing mane. 

 Temperament

 

 

Intelligent, affectionate, showing no signs of aggression. 

Alert, intelligent, and affectionate with the overall qualities of a loving companion dog. It has a lively, outgoing and inquisitive personality. 

 Size 

Height 25-33CM (10-13 inches) at the withers 

Height at withers: 26-32cm with a tolerance of +/- 1 cm Weight: 6 kgs approximately 

Height 25-33 cm (10-13 inches) at withers

Ideally, mature dogs and bitches are between  Height may vary 1 inch above or below this ideal.  Only where comparative superiority of a specimen outside this range clearly justifies it should greater latitude be taken.  Absolute height at the withers should not take precedence over correct proportion and substance.  Proportion:  The body is just off-square when properly balanced.  The distance from the prosternum to the point of the buttocks is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground in an 11 to 10 ratio.  The distance from the ground to the elbow is slightly greater than the distance from the elbow to the wither.  The Lowchen should never be low stationed.  Substance:  The mature Lowchen is sturdily built with strong bone and muscular hindquarters, but never coarse.

 Coat

Fairly long and wavy but not curly.  Fine and silky.  Clipped in the traditional lion clip. 

Hair is silky, long, wavy, dense, without undercoat. 

 Fairly long, wavy, never curly.  Single coat of soft texture.

The Lowchen must be shown in traditional Lion Clip.  The unclipped areas of the coat are long, rather dense and moderately soft in texture.  The unique Lowchen coat consists of hairs of varying diameters with a more noticeable collection of denser hair around the neck and withers.  The coat may fall to either side but must never be artificially parted.  It has a slightly to moderately wavy appearance.  Wiry, woolly, curly, and flat coat textures are not correct and are to be penalized to the degree of severity.  Puppies typically have a softer coat. 

Colour

Any colour or combination of colours permissible.

 All colours and combinations of colours are permitted.

 Any colour or combination of colours permissible.

All colors and color combinations are acceptable, with no preference given to any. 

Head and Skull

Short.  Skull wide in proportion, flat between the ears, head carried proud and high.  Well defined stop.  Short, strong muzzle. 

 Relatively short and quite broad from the top of the skull to the muzzle; carried high.

 Short, fairly broad. Skull flat between the ears, head carried proud and high.  Well defined stop; short, strong muzzle.

The backskull is broad and relatively flat from ear to ear.  The stop is moderately well defined.  The length from nose to base of stop is two thirds of the length from base of stop to occiput.  The muzzle is well filled and relatively broad with moderate depth of underjaw resulting in a slightly rounded finish to the muzzle. The jaw is wide enough to accommodate all incisors in a straight row. 

Eyes

Round, large and intelligent, dark in colour.  Unbroken pigmentation of eye rims, pigment to be in accordance with coat colour. 

Eyes well forward, large, dark, round and well-spaced; must be forward looking.  Lids totally pigmented. 

Round, dark, large and intelligent.  Unbroken pigmentation of eye rims, pigment to be in accordance with coat colour. 

Set well into skull, large, dark and round in shape.  Set well apart and forward looking.  Brown and Champagne coated dogs may have slightly lighter eyes.  Full pigmentation is required on the eye rims. 

Ears

 Pendant, long, well fringed, set on level with eye.

 Pendulous, long and well feathered.

 Pendant, of moderate length with long fringing.

Pendant, moderate in length, well fringed, set slightly above level of eye. 

 Mouth

 Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissors bite (that is, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw).

Strong teeth, complete dentition with scissor bite.  Absence of the PM1 is tolerated.  The lips are tight and black except for brown coats and derivatives, in which case the lips are dark brown. 

 Jaw strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissors bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw.

The lips are tight with color the same as the nose.  The bite is scissors and the teeth are rather large and well- spaced with complete dentition. 

 Nose

 Black or brown according to coat colour.

 Black (total pigmentation is obligatory) except for brown coats and derivatives.  In the latter case, the nose is dark brown (total pigmentation obligatory).  The nose is well in line with the topline of the Muzzle, which is rather broad, straight.

Nose black or brown according to coat colour. 

The nose is dark in color.  Complete pigmentation is required.  Coloration of pigment is back or brown, dependent on the coat color. 

 Neck

 Good length,  proudly arched.

 Of good length, slightly arched, merging smoothly into the shoulders and withers.

 Good length, proudly arched.

Good length with slight arch, fitting smoothly into the shoulders and topline. 

 Forequarters

 Forelegs straight and fine boned.  Shoulder well-laid.

Upright, shoulders well inclined, mobile, well-muscled. Elbows close to body, pastern short and straight when viewed from the front; slightly sloping viewed from the side. 

 Forelegs straight and fine.  Shoulders well-laid.

Shoulders are strong and well laid back with smooth musculature.  The upper arm is of equal length to the shoulder blade and the two meet in a near 90 degree angle.  The elbows are held close to the body.  Forearms are of good length and the distance from the withers to the elbow is slightly less than the distance from the elbow to the ground.  From the front the legs are perfectly  parallel from the elbow to the feet.   The bone is more round than oval and of medium size with only a slight decrease in size at the pasterns.  The pasterns are short, parallel from the front and very slightly bent when viewed from the side.  The dewclaws on the forelegs should be removed.   

 Body

Short, strong, well proportioned level topline.  Ribs well sprung, strong loin with moderate tuck-up. 

Topline straight.  Loin: short, broad and muscled.  Chest: well developed, down to elbow; Tuck-up: well defined. 

 Short, strong and well proportioned.  Level topline.  Ribs well sprung.  Strong loin with moderate tuck-up.

The body is slightly off-square when properly balanced.  The distance from the prosternum to the point of buttocks is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground in an 11 to 10 ratio.  The loin is short and strong, the ribs are well sprung, the brisket is moderate in width and extends approximately to the elbow. The underline has a slight tuck-up at the loin. 

Hindquarters

Hindlegs well muscled with good turn of stifle, straight when viewed from rear. 

Upright, Well muscled upper and lower thigh; the tibia is the same length as the femur.  The point of buttock is slightly prominent.  Relative strong Hock, the point is at approximately ¼ the height at the withers, normal angulation.
Rear pastern is robust, perpendicular to ground.   

 Well muscled, with good turn of stifle; straight when viewed from rear.

The pelvic bone projects beyond the set of the tail and is at an approximate  45 degree angle from the perfectly horizontal line.  The upper and lower thighs are well muscled and of approximately equal length with medium bone.  The stifles are well bent.  The hocks are well let down and perpendicular to the ground from any angle.  The rear dewclaws should be removed. 

 Feet

 Small, round.

 Small and round, toes tight and well arched.

 Small, round.

The forefeet point straight ahead, and are well arched with deep pads and the two center toes are slightly in advance of the two outer toes.  The nails are relatively short.  A tight foot is preferred and a splayed foot penalized. The hind feet are slightly smaller than the forefeet and are well arched with deep pads. 

 Tail

 Medium length, clipped with a tuft of hair to resemble a plume.  Carried gaily on the move.

Set on slightly below the topline.  Carried elegantly arched over the back without touching the latter.  Only the plume touches the back either when standing or in action. 

Medium length, clipped with a tuft of hair to resemble a plume.  Carried gaily on the move. 

The tail is set high and carried in a cup-handle fashion over the back when the dog is moving.   A dropped tail while standing is not to be penalized. 

 Gait/
Movement

Free, parallel movement fore and aft , no hackneyed action. 

Lively, energetic and with good reach; legs parallel in action, head carried proudly. 

Free, parallel movement fore and aft, no hackneyed action. 

Movement at a trot is effortless with good reach in front and full extension in the rear.  From the front, the forelegs move in almost parallel lines, converging slightly as the speed increases.  From the rear, the legs move in almost parallel lines and in the same line of motion as the forelegs, converging slightly as the speed increases.  From the side, movement is efficient and ground covering.  The forelegs reach well out in front in a long, relatively low stride, and the rear legs come well under the body and extend behind to maximize propulsion.  The body should remain nearly square in outline, and the topline is held firm and level with the tail being carried curved over the back and the head is held above the level of the back. 

 Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.  NOTE- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

ELIMINATING FAULTS:
Aggressive or overly shy.  Total or partial depigmentation of the nose, lips, eyelids or other colour than black, or other colour than dark brown for brown coats and derivatives.  Turned up nose.  Absence of one or more incisives or canines.  Non-consecutive absence of more than two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4).  Consecutive absence of two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4). Absence of carnassial tooth (upper PM4, lower M1) or of another molar except for M3.  Overshot or undershot.  Eyes small, almond shaped, protruding, too light or wall.  Entropion, ectropion.  Ears: not long enough or without fringe.  Tail curled in a ring Coat: curly, too short, lack of waves.  Severe anatomical malformation.  Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.  Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

 Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

 DISQUALIFICATIONS:
Any trim other than specified.  Shaping or scissoring of the long coat.